geographical annotations to

Ainsworth, William, 'Notes on a journey from Kaïsaríyah, by Malátíyah, to Bir or Birehjik, in May and June, 1839'


19th century sources

website of Jelle Verheij, historian

(placeholder)
(placeholder)

Aspúzí is now Malatya (capital of Malatya province)