Geographical annotations to

Brant, James. "Notes of a Journey through a part of Kurdistan, in the Summer of 1838

19th century sources

website of Jelle Verheij, historian

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Ars → probably Dalbaşı (village in Horasan district, Erzurum province)

Hasan Kal'eh → Pasinler (centre of Pasinler district, Erzurum province)

Geographical annotations to

Brant, James. "Notes of a Journey through a part of Kurdistan, in the Summer of 1838