Geographical annotations to

Brant, James. "Notes of a Journey through a part of Kurdistan, in the Summer of 1838

19th century sources

website of Jelle Verheij, historian

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Tuzlah : not identified

HınısHınıs (centre of Hınıs district, Erzurum province)

Mal-akulashMollakulaç (village in Hınıs district, Erzurum province)

GumgumVarto (centre of Varto district, Muş province)

Geographical annotations to

Brant, James. "Notes of a Journey through a part of Kurdistan, in the Summer of 1838