19th century sources

website of Jelle Verheij, historian

Maunsell, F.R.

Military report on Eastern Turkey in Asia. vol.IV Middle Euphrates Valley. Country from the Gulf of Alexandretta towards Erzurum and Bitlis. Compiled for the Intelligence Department. War Office, 1904

This volume is part of a series of formerly classifed handbooks for military use. Contains detailed route descriptions, informatiion about towns and cities, and lists of tribes.

The following information from this volume can be found this website:

1) General map of the area

2) List of tribes

3) Descriptions of the towns and cities in the area


Maunsell's will be made available soon

List of tribes

Maunsell's list of tribes is reproduced here

Tribes listed by Maunsell are also included in the Alphabetical Tribes Index

Descriptions of the towns and cities in the area covered by the book

The following descriptions are available (grouped by modern Turkish province )